Canja de galinha

Canja de galinha, also known as Portuguese chicken soup, is a comforting and nourishing dish that is beloved in Portuguese cuisine. This hearty soup is made with tender chicken, aromatic vegetables, rice, and fragrant herbs, creating a flavorful and satisfying meal that is perfect for any occasion. Whether enjoyed as a comforting meal on a chilly day or as a soothing remedy when feeling under the weather, canja de galinha is sure to warm both the body and the soul.

Ingredients Required

To prepare canja de galinha, you will need the following ingredients:
  • Chicken (such as bone-in chicken thighs or breast)
  • Rice (preferably medium-grain or long-grain white rice)
  • Chicken broth or stock
  • Onion
  • Garlic
  • Carrots
  • Celery
  • Fresh parsley
  • Bay leaves
  • Salt and pepper
  • Optional garnishes: lemon wedges, chopped cilantro

Step-by-Step Preparation

  1. Prepare Ingredients: Start by preparing the ingredients. Chop the onion, garlic, carrots, and celery. Rinse the rice under cold water and drain.
  2. Cook Chicken: In a large pot, combine the chicken pieces, chicken broth, chopped onion, garlic, carrots, celery, bay leaves, and a handful of parsley. Bring the mixture to a boil, then reduce the heat to low and simmer until the chicken is cooked through and tender, about 25-30 minutes.
  3. Shred Chicken: Remove the chicken pieces from the pot and shred the meat using two forks. Discard any bones and skin.
  4. Add Rice: Return the shredded chicken to the pot and add the rinsed rice. Stir well to combine.
  5. Simmer: Continue to simmer the soup until the rice is cooked and tender, stirring occasionally to prevent sticking, about 15-20 minutes.
  6. Season to Taste: Season the soup with salt and pepper to taste. Adjust the seasoning as needed.
  7. Serve: Ladle the canja de galinha into serving bowls and garnish with fresh parsley and optional garnishes such as lemon wedges or chopped cilantro. Serve hot and enjoy!

Serving Suggestions

Canja de galinha can be enjoyed as a comforting meal on its own, or served with crusty bread or a side salad for added variety. It pairs well with a squeeze of fresh lemon juice for a burst of citrus flavor.

Variations of Canja de Galinha

While the basic recipe for canja de galinha remains consistent, there are variations based on regional preferences and family recipes. Some variations may include additional ingredients such as diced tomatoes, green peas, or saffron, while others may use different herbs and spices for flavor enhancement.

Tips for Perfect Canja de Galinha

  • Use bone-in chicken pieces for the best flavor and texture. You can use a whole chicken or chicken thighs and breasts.
  • For a richer flavor, you can brown the chicken pieces in a skillet before adding them to the soup pot.
  • Adjust the consistency of the soup by adding more broth or water if needed, especially if the rice absorbs too much liquid during cooking.
  • Feel free to customize the soup by adding your favorite vegetables or herbs, such as spinach, kale, or thyme.

Storage and Reheating

Canja de galinha can be stored in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 3 days. To reheat, simply transfer the soup to a pot and gently warm it over low heat until heated through. Add additional broth or water if necessary to adjust the consistency.


Canja de galinha is a classic Portuguese chicken soup that offers comfort and nourishment in every spoonful. With its tender chicken, aromatic vegetables, and fluffy rice, this hearty soup is a beloved staple in Portuguese households and a testament to the rich culinary heritage of the region. Whether enjoyed on a cold winter’s day or as a soothing remedy for the common cold, canja de galinha is sure to warm both the body and the soul with its delicious flavors and comforting aroma.


  1. Can I use leftover cooked chicken in canja de galinha?
  • Yes, you can use leftover cooked chicken instead of raw chicken. Simply add the cooked chicken to the soup pot along with the other ingredients and simmer until heated through.
  1. Can I make canja de galinha in advance and freeze it?
  • Yes, you can freeze canja de galinha for future enjoyment. Allow the soup to cool completely before transferring it to freezer-safe containers. Thaw overnight in the refrigerator before reheating.
  1. What is the origin of canja de galinha?
  • Canja de galinha originated in Portugal and is a traditional dish in Portuguese cuisine. It is commonly enjoyed as a comfort food and is often served during times of illness or as a remedy for the common cold.
  1. Can I use brown rice instead of white rice in canja de galinha?
  • While white rice is traditionally used in canja de galinha, you can substitute with brown rice for a healthier alternative. Keep in mind that brown rice may require a longer cooking time and may result in a slightly different texture.
  1. Is canja de galinha gluten-free?
  • Yes, canja de galinha is naturally gluten-free as long as you use gluten-free chicken broth and rice. Be sure to check the labels of packaged ingredients to ensure they are gluten-free if you have dietary restrictions.

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